Phonics is the first step in helping children to crack the code of reading and writing.

What is phonics?

Phonics is recommended as the first strategy that children should be taught in helping them learn to read. It runs alongside other teaching methods such as Guided Reading and Shared Reading to help children develop the reading skills required and hopefully give them a real love of reading.

Words are made up from small units of sound called phonemes. Phonics teaches children to be able to listen carefully and identify the phonemes that make up each word. This helps children to learn to read words and to spell words.

The phonics and reading schemes we use are letters & sounds and rapid phonics.

In phonics lessons children are taught three main things:


They are taught GPCs. This stands for grapheme phoneme correspondences. This simply means that they are taught all the phonemes in the English language and ways of writing them down. These sounds are taught in a particular order. The first sounds to be taught are s, a, t, p.


Children are taught to be able to blend. This is when children say the sounds that make up a word and are able to merge the sounds together until they can hear what the word is. This skill is vital in learning to read.


Children are also taught to segment. This is the opposite of blending. Children are able to say a word and then break it up into the phonemes that make it up. This skill is vital in being able to spell words.

How is phonics taught?

Phonics is taught on a daily basis and the sessions include games, songs and actions. Each session provides the children with the opportunity to practice reading and writing sounds and high frequency words.

At Carrwood Primary School we also have access to ‘Phonics Bug’ which is an on-line phonics resource. Your child should have had their log in details given to them by their class teacher.

Useful Websites: